Viewing posts from: October 2014
Posted on: October 8, 2014 | 0 Comments
Power cables are among the most popular targets
A new law targeting trade in stolen metal has come into force.All scrap dealers and motor salvage operators in England and Wales must now apply for a licence from their local authority and keep records on who they buy from. The Scrap Metal Dealers Act 2013 is aimed at thefts which have blighted the rail and power industries and seen churches targeted. The act also extends a ban on cash payments to mobile collectors. Trade body the British Metals Recycling Association (BMRA) has welcomed the changes. The Association of Chief Police Officers (Acpo) set up a working group on metal thefts after estimating the illegal trade was costing the UK economy £770 million a year - it says such thefts are now falling. Paul Crowther, deputy chief constable of British Transport Police and national lead on metal theft for ACPO, said: "We've all heard the stories about the impact on communities, businesses and individuals, and these new regulations and powers really provide us with the tools to crack down on metal theft. "The problem has always been that people who turn up at a scrap metal yard are virtually untraceable once they trade the metal." Councils will assess whether each licence applicant is a "suitable person" - including examining criminal convictions - and will have more powers to carry out inspections. Dealers who have not registered by 1 December face prosecution with fines of up to £1,000, limits on trading hours and the possibility of being shut down. BMRA director general Ian Hetherington described the new act as "a watershed moment for the industry. It's an opportunity to rid the industry of the Steptoe and Son stereotype once and for all." The new rules require dealers to record the value of the metal purchased, as well as proof of the seller's identity and address, and keep the records for three years. Gary Cooper, director of operations and engineering at the Association of Train Operating Companies, described the changes as "excellent progress in the fight against cable thieves, whose actions cause delays and disruption for thousands of our customers". Traders can apply for a temporary licence before 15 October in order to continue working while councils process full applications. Article from BBC News
Posted on: October 8, 2014 | 0 Comments
The metals recycling industryMetals recycling is a £5.6 billion UK industry, processing ferrous and non ferrous metal scrap into vital secondary raw material for the smelting of new metals. The industry employs over 8,000 people and makes a net contribution to UK balance of trade. Worldwide, over 400 million tonnes of metal is recycled each year. Scrap Metal Dealers Act and associated explanatory notes. Click here to download a copy of a special edition of Scrapbook explaining all about the new act.
Supplementary GuidanceClick here to view further "Supplementary Guidance" that has been issued by the Home Office clarifying points on the validity and effect of the different types of licence and the application process. The Supplementary Guidance also sets out a flow chart (as previously provided for members in Bulletin 27) to assist in deciding whether vehicles may be bought for cash, outlines the applicability of the measures to businesses in Scotland, and provides slightly expanded advice on verification of supplier. The Local Government Association has also published useful information about the Act (primarily for licensing officers) that can be downloaded here.
Statutory GuidanceClick here to view statutory guidance on determining suitability to hold a scrap metal dealer's licence.
CommencementMost of the new offences came into force on 1 December 2013 to allow some time for issue of licences. However, the offence of buying scrap metal for cash took effect from 1 October, extending the scope of the existing ban introduced last year to include all mobile collectors and motor salvage operators (more below). By April 2014 a substantial proportion of licences had still not been processed despite applications having been made by mid-October 2013. Not all suppliers will be aware of the changes, and those who themselves do business as scrap metal dealers (including as itinerant/mobile collectors) will need to obtain licences. We therefore produced a poster that can be displayed at the weighbridge to bring the change to their attention, and leaflets to give to customers. We have sent printed copies of the posters to each member, but leaflets will need to be printed locally as required; click here or on the image to the left to download a copy. You can also download the poster in a format suitable for printing yourself by clicking here (a higher-quality version suitable for professional printing may be downloaded here).
Criminal record "Basic Check"Part of the process to apply for a scrap metal dealer's licence is to obtain a criminal record "Basic Check" fromDisclosure Scotland; click here to apply on line. Once you have obtained your Basic Check certificate you will need to send it (or a certified copy) to your local council with your licence application. If you have questions about the licensing process you should contact your council's licensing department; do not expect Disclosure Scotland to be able to do any more than process criminal record disclosure applications. They will not be in a position to answer questions about the licensing process. You can check the local council for any particular address on-line at https://www.gov.uk/find-your-local-council. The licensing department is likely to be in the district/borough, or city council as appropriate.
Cash tradingsee above). BMRA members can find further information about options for non-cash payment in members' bulletins and on the members' area of the web site. If you sell metal to a scrap metal dealer, do not expect to be paid in cash; if the dealer does he will be breaking the law. We have produced a poster that you can download for printing locally by clicking on the image to the right to help get the message across to customers. The cashless trading provisions introduced into the Scrap Metal Dealers Act 1964 were extended with commencement of the Scrap Metal Dealers Act 2013 to include all scrap metal dealers, including all mobile collectors and motor salvage operators, with effect from 1 October 2013. The exception to the cash payment ban previously available for the limited number of properly registered itinerant collectors who had obtained orders under Section 3(1) of the Scrap Metal Dealers Act 1964 ceased on 1 October 2013. No mobile (formerly "itinerant") collector may now pay cash for scrap. Home Office guidance on cashless payments for scrap metal under the Scrap Metal Dealers Act 1964 was issued on 24 October 2012. Whilst the applicability of the ban has extended under the 2013 Act to include all scrap metal dealers, and the record-keeping requirements are considerably more stringent, the details on acceptable methods of payment by cheque and electronic transfer still apply. www.homeoffice.gov.uk/publications/crime/scrap-metal-guidance?view=Standard&pubID=1086133. We are aware that a number of financial service providers are developing systems intended to satisfy the cashless payment requirement. We are unable to endorse any particular product and recommend that scrap metal dealers satisfy themselves that any payment mechanism they may consider satisfies the terms of the Act and guidance. BMRA members can find further information in members' bulletins.
Mobile (formerly "itinerant") scrap metal collectorsUnder the Scrap Metal Dealers Act 1964, "itinerant" collectors of scrap metal were required to register with their local council in the same way as all other scrap metal dealers, although some were able to obtain relief from keeping records of purchases and from the cash ban. That has now changed with the commencement of the Scrap Metal Dealers Act 2013. With effect from 1 October 2013 it became illegal for any scrap metal dealer, whether mobile or site-based, to pay cash for scrap metal, and all are now subject to the same record-keeping requirements, including an obligation to take and retain copies of identification documents for people from whom they collect scrap (whether or not they pay). Furthermore, scrap metal dealer collectors' licences are valid for collection only within the boundaries of the issuing authority (normally a district, borough or city council).
Why recycle?Virtually all metals can be recycled into high quality new metal. The process varies for different metals, but generally produces metals of equivalent quality. Thus, for example:
- Steelmaking using the electric arc furnace process uses scrap metal as the major raw material. This method is typically used for high quality tool steels and stainless steel. Smaller quantities of scrap can also be used in basic oxygen (blast furnace) steelmaking.
- Copper scrap is used by both primary and secondary producers, where processing methods include blast furnace, reverberatory furnace or electric arc furnace. In the latter, around 75-80 per cent raw material is scrap copper.
- Aluminium production uses a single production method - the Hall-Héroult Process. But virgin raw materials require temperatures of around 900 C, whilst scrap aluminium melts at around 660 C.
- 86% in air pollution
- 40% in water use
- 76% in water pollution
- ferrous scrap: 4.6 million tonnes of iron and steel and stainless steel scrap was supplied to steelworks in the UK, and 0.9 million tonnes to UK foundries; 6.1 million tonnes was exported. Major markets were Europe, particularly Spain, and Asia, particularly India. The worldwide market for ferrous scrap is predicted to continue its steady growth, which has averaged around 5% per annum over the past 12 years.
- non-ferrous metals: over one million tonnes was processed. Approximately 45% of this was aluminium, 31% copper, and significant quantities of nickel, brass, zinc and lead. Non ferrous metals are traded on the London Metal Exchange, and therefore subject to volatility in commodity investments. UK exports topped 800,000 tonnes in 2005, a 20% increase on the previous year. Europe, China and India are the main destinations.
- Packaging: some 2 billion aluminium and steel cans are recycled every year.
- Vehicles: over 75% of a car is metal – nearly 90% of the target. Around half of the material processed by metal recycling shredders comes from vehicles
- WEEE: the industry already recycles most discarded household appliances. Electronic and telecommunications goods are a significant consumer of non ferrous metals.
- Batteries: The EU Directive comes into effect in 2008, but the metals recycling industry is already recycling most lead acid vehicle and industrial batteries.
- Collection, weighing, sorting and distribution of metals: dealing with a wide range of suppliers, including engineering industries; small traders, such as plumbers or vehicle dismantlers; local authority collection sites; and householders disposing of domestic appliances.
- Shearing – reducing the size of large pieces of metal by cutting
- Baling/compacting – to improve ease of handling and transportation
- Shredding – reducing feedstock to fist-sized lumps; and separating metals from other materials using magnets and air classification methods. A large shredder can process a car in less than ten seconds.
- Media separation – further separation of any remaining non ferrous metals using liquid density and hand or mechanical sorting methods
- International metals trading – moving metals around the world
Posted on: October 8, 2014 | 0 Comments
From:Home Office and Jeremy Browne MP Part of:Helping the police fight crime more effectively and Crime and policing
Rogue traders who buy and sell scrap metal for cash face £5,000 fine under new laws designed to stamp out metal theft.
Metal theftMagistrates will be able to issue fines of up to £5,000 to scrap metal dealers who trade in cash. As well as having the power to issue licences, councils will be able to refuse or revoke licences if a dealer is deemed unsuitable. Crime Prevention Minister Jeremy Browne said:
Metal theft costs the UK economy around £220 million a year and it has a huge impact on our communities - from disrupted rail services to desecrated war memorials and damaged church roofs. Our changes, including increasing financial penalties and banning cash payments, have already helped slash metal theft across the UK.The new scrap metal laws will also mean:
This new legislation will help tighten the net around rogue dealers who flout the rules and wilfully purchase stolen metal, while reforming the system to support legitimate businesses.
- all scrap metal dealers must verify the name and address of the seller at the point of sale, which is recorded and retained by the dealer
- the cashless offence will apply to all scrap metal dealers including ‘mobile collectors’ who collect door to door
- there will be a single national publicly available register of all scrap metal dealers
Scrap metalDeputy Chief Constable Paul Crowther, from British Transport Police (BTP), said:
Today marks a very significant milestone in the fight against metal thieves The Act demands a greater level of awareness and responsibility from traders, ensuring they verify who they are doing business with, but it also protects law abiding recyclers from unscrupulous traders. It is vital that scrap metal traders are aware of the changes, including the new licensing regulations.
Metal thieves cause misery for thousands of people, whether targeting the rail network, power cables or telecommunications and today’s changes signal the introduction of a more robust licensing scheme to be monitored by local authorities.
Know the law
- All scrap metal dealers can apply for a licence from 1 October.
- If a scrap metal dealer who is registered under the Scrap Metal Dealers Act 1964 or Vehicles (Crime) Act 2001 applies on or before 15 October they will be deemed to have a licence until the local authority issues a licence decision.
- Local authorities will complete checks to assess applicants’ suitability to hold a licence between 15 October and 1 December.
- If a registered scrap metal dealer does not submit an application on or by 15 October their deemed licence will lapse on 16 October. A deemed temporary licence which has lapsed does not give rise to a right to appeal. The dealer must submit an application and wait for a licence to be issued before they can trade legally.
- A local authority can impose conditions on a deemed temporary licence pending an appeal for the refusal of a licence.
- Scrap metal dealers who are not registered under the Scrap Metal Dealers Act 1964 or the Vehicles (Crime) Act 2001 can apply for a scrap metal dealer’s licence from today 1 October but must wait for a licence to be issued before they can trade legally.
- The offence of buying scrap metal for cash comes into force on 1 October.
- Local authority officers and police officers will have the right to enter and inspect from 1 October.
- The majority of the other enforcement provisions within the Act will come into force on 1 December.